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Introducing the honoree at the latest Jazz at the Bechtler concert, Ziad Rabie cited fellow saxophonist Hank Mobley as a foundational member of the hardbop stable of musicians on the Blue Note record label during the 1950s. Mobley, he further asserted, was also one of the most prolific hardbop composers of that era, at one time releasing eight albums within the space of 16 months. So, there was plenty for Rabie to pick from for the Ziad Jazz Quartet's hourlong tribute. My own collection merely includes seven albums with Mobley as the leader and stints as a sideman with Miles Davis, Art Blakey, and Horace Silver, so of the six tunes on the Ziad set list, I had only heard four before, including two title tunes from Blue Note albums of the '60s.
We started out with drummer Al Sergel's cool preamble to "High and Flighty," an up tempo gem from 1958 that I acquired in the 2008 reissue of Peckin' Time while I was catching up with Mobley's work five decades later. While some of the Blue Note flavor was missing when Rabie roared through the melody without a trumpeter alongside him on the bandstand matching him note for note, Rabie's pace and energy were as compelling as the master take on the Mobley album when he launched into his solo, faster than the alternate take from Mobley and trumpeter Lee Morgan added on the reissue. Without an intervening trumpet solo in the Rabie arrangement, pianist Sean Higgins entered the fray sooner – with an effervescent spirit that chimed well with Wynton Kelly's work on the original session, along with some filigree that Herbie Hancock might recognize. Since there wasn't a trumpeter in sight to join with Rabie in firing four-bar volleys back and forth with Sergel – as Morgan had alternated with Mobley in the original – Higgins replaced the trumpet in bringing the piece to a rousing climax, before Rabie played the out-chorus.
Sergel didn't quite let go at the end of "High and Flighty," thrashing away mostly on his cymbals as he transitioned to "The Morning After," a tumultuous 3/4 composition that appeared on Mobley's A Caddy for Daddy in 1965. With Higgins adopting a McCoy Tyner manner as he layered on, dropping power chords in his left hand that were a hallmark of John Coltrane's quartet recordings of 1961-65, the rhythm section sounded very much like the sound Tyner and drummer Elvin Jones pioneered on those classic sessions on Impulse. Rabie certainly picked up on the sound, for Tyner turned out to be a key ingredient on Caddy for Daddy when I tracked it down, and the tenor saxophonist's solo had a few licks that echoed Coltrane's Crescent from 1964, abandoning Mobley's less fiery style. When Higgins followed Rabie's incendiary exploits, he let loose with more bombs in his left hand and a Tyner-like flurry in the treble. Nor was this powerful rhythm section done here, for Sergel was still thrashing when the leader returned to reprise the melody on sax, and he took over for a second drum solo afterwards with wailing support from Higgins underneath.
This was a perfect moment for Rabie to repeat jazz critic Leonard Feather's judgment that Mobley was "the middleweight champion of the tenor saxophone," for his quartet was about to turn down the heat for "Madeline," an original recorded in Mobley's pre-Blue Note days. Sergel switched to brushes behind his drumkit and, after lyrical solos by Rabie and Higgins, Ron Brendle finally had an opportunity to shine in the spotlight, better captured in his bass solo than in any of the previous Bechtler webcasts from The Playroom – double kudos for the sound and the music. Higgins was more distinctively his own man in his solo, maybe weaving in wisps of Hancock and Red Garland, while Rabie came closest on this tune to replicating Mobley's smoky sound on tenor before giving way to Higgins. After the pianist took his solo, Rabie's blowing had more of a Coltrane tang as Sergel unobtrusively switched to mallets, and the breathiness at the end of the tenor coda injected a faint hint of Ben Webster.
Rabie's final three selections were his most predictable, culled from two of Mobley's most acclaimed Blue Note recordings, Soul Station (1960) and Workout (1961). "This I Dig of You," from the earlier album, bopped more than "High and Flighty," but the creativity flowed richly from the quartet as all the players had a chance to solo. Sergel took up his sticks to launch the merriment, pounding on his rims as well as his toms, and Rabie handed things over quickly to Higgins, who swung his first chorus on the keyboard and offered fresh new angles on each ensuing variation. Rabie was deceptively tame at first, almost cool with his bopping triplets, before he whipped up a harder sound up in the treble, getting a second wind. Brendle had a crisp, swinging take on the tune before Sergel crafted a hybrid solo at the drums, beginning with brushes in Brendle's wake and then turning the heat back up with his drumsticks.
Weighing in at a middleweight 16 bars, "Soul Station" is as groovy and infectious a blues as you'll hear, arguably Mobley's signature composition, and the Ziad Quartet made sure they didn't mess up the pulse or the tempo, leaning into its medium-paced quietude with its arrangement and obviously having fun. Rabie scorched it without rushing it, and Higgins tossed a bit "Night Train" into his flame (a 12-bar blues that can be traced back to Ellington). Brendle proved that he had been listening closely, popping a bar or two of the same train into his solo.
Inevitably, Rabie chose the title tune of Workout as part of his Mobley tribute, for Feather's memorable pronouncement on the tenor sax great was the first sentence of his liner notes for that worthy album. Now it sounded like it was Rabie who was refusing to let go, thundering into each new improvised chorus, with Sergel in an orgiastic mode behind him. Higgins was no less dazzling, he and the drummer spurring each other on the pianist's solo until Sergel pounced on his solo. The liquid intensity of guitarist Grant Green's solo spot on the Blue Note recording was expunged from the Rabie arrangement, nor did Sergel gradually build to primitive ferocity as Philly Joe Jones had in the March 26, 1961, studio session. He was still roaring while Rabie reprised the Mobley melody one last time. Listening to this rousing closer, I heard more champion than middleweight in this "Workout."