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Opera Feature

"What? Are you nuts?" the Gentleman Asked. "Verdi, too?"

September 1, 2020 - Raleigh, NC:

Coping with crisisOur Rossini recap generated more response than our usual fare, so we thought we'd do a list of all the Verdi operas (and yes, deal with the revisions as applicable, too). Even taking into account some substantial reworkings that stand as virtually new works, there are still fewer operas than Rossini composed, so this should be a snap, right?

The classic 1992 biography by Mary Jane Phillips-Matz remains readily available from all the usual sources. Though there are (literally) countless others, in many languages, hers retains its special relevance and importance.

Ricordi's critical edition is ongoing; 14 operas plus the Requiem have been completed, as of this writing. Older editions of the scores are readily available from IMSLP.

The format of this listing is the same as before: title with embed to more information including plot summary; the number of acts; the author(s) of the libretto; location and date of the premiere; and a link to a recommended YouTube performance – feel free to search for others, of course. Except as noted, all works are in Italian. Most of the links point to fairly recent videos. There are a few audio-only files. The French version of Trovatore (Trouvère) is an audio recording made in 1912 that is surprisingly listenable, even today.

We're indebted to the many conscientious online contributors who have made this concision, based on their work, possible.

Remember, all the items in YouTube may be handily downloaded to blank DVDs with the freeware program described in the second half of the first CVNC "Coping with COVID-19" article in this series.


And, as we observed last time, never let it be said that there's nothing to do.

PS About Don Carlo(s): We've done our best to navigate the quagmires that are the multiple editions of Verdi's 23rd opera. The single complete broadcast of the original French version that has been published is linked, but the first Italian translation given has apparently not been recorded. In the event one turns up, we will add it to this tabulation.


1. Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio 2 acts Antonio Piazza, Temistocle Solera La Scala, Milan 17 Nov 1839. Lightly revised three times after the première. 2:04:22 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFYDETz_JoQ Giovanni Battista Parodi (Oberto), Mariana Pentcheva (Cuniza), Giorgia Bertagni (Imelda), Fabio Sartori (Riccardo), Francesca Sassu (Leonora), Orchestra e Coro del Teatro Regio di Parma, Antonello Allemandi

2. Un giorno di regno 2 acts Felice Romani La Scala, Milan 5 Sep 1840. Later revision known as Il finto Stanislao. 1:52:43 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rV4N3A3fv9w Guido Loconsolo (Il Cavaliere di Belfiore), Andrea Porta (Il Barone di Kelbar), Anna Caterina Antonacci (La Marchesa del Poggio), Alessandra Marianelli (Giulietta di Kelbar), Ivan Magrì (Edoardo di Sanval), Paolo Bordogna (Il Signor la Rocca), Ricardo Mirabelli (Il Conte Ivrea), Seung-Hwa Paek (Delmonte),Teatro Regio di Parma Chorus and Orchestra, Donato Renzetti. 2010

3. Nabucodonosor 4 acts Temistocle Solera La Scala, Milan 9 Mar 1842. Later known as Nabucco. 2:21:59 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7MfTChg2_Y Luca Salsi (Nabucodonosor), Francesco Meli (Ismaele), Riccardo Zanellato (Zaccaria), Tatiana Serjan (Abigaille), Sonia Ganassi (Fenena), Luca Dall’Amico (Il gran Sacerdote di Bello), Saverio Fiore (Abdallo), Simge Büyükedes (Anna), Orchestra e Coro del Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Riccardo Muti

4. I Lombardi alla prima crociata 4 acts Temistocle Solera La Scala, Milan 11 Feb 1843. Based on an epic poem by Tommaso Grossi. 2:15:34 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHR9vPSIY_4 Roberto de Biasio (Arvino), Michele Pertusi (Pagano), Cristina Giannelli (Viclinda), Dimitra Theodossiou (Giselda), Roberto Tagliavini (Pirro), Gregory Bonfatti (Un priore), Valdis Jansons (Acciano), Francesco Meli (Oronte), Daniela Pini (Sofia), Parma Teatro Regio Chorus and Orchestra Daniele Callegari. 2009
4a. Jérusalem 4 acts Temistocle Solera, Alphonse Royer, & Gustave Vaëz (French) Salle Le Peletier, Paris 26 Nov 1847. Revision and translation of I Lombardi alla prima crociata. 2:16:45 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJQyNFSRCWw Veriano Luchetti (Gaston, Viscount of Béarn), Alain Fondary (The Count of Toulouse), Cecilia Gasdia (Hélène, the Count's daughter), Silvano Carroli (Roger, the Count's brother), Fernand DuMont (The Legate), J. Philipe Marliere (A Herald), Philipe Rouillon (A Herald), Judith Malafronte (Isaure, Hélène's companion), Robert Grenier (A Soldier), Mario Agnetti (An Officer), Orchestra and Chorus of the Paris Opera, Donato Renzetti

5. Ernani 4 acts Francesco Maria Piave La Fenice, Venice 9 Mar 1844. Partially based on work by Victor Hugo. 2:17:30 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u57DGTR-vQ0 Rudy Park (Ernani), Alessandro Luongo (Don Carlo), Gomez de Silva (Don Ruy), Giuseppe Iori (Enrico), Maria Billeri (Elvira), Nadiya Petrenko (Giovanna), Saverio Pugliese (Don Riccardo), Gianluca Margheri (Jago), Cremona, Antonio Pirolli. 2012. ("[D]ue to Hugo's opposition, the first performances in Paris at the Théâtre des Italiens two years later required a change of title - to Il Proscritto - and a change of characters' names: 'The practice was followed in other cities where the names Victor Hugo and Hernani smacked of revolution.' In Palermo in 1845 it became Elvira d'Aragona and in Messina in 1847 the title became Il proscritto ossia Il corsaro di Venezia.")

6. I due Foscari 3 acts Francesco Maria Piave Teatro Argentina, Rome 3 Nov 1844. 2:00:03 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8tJ6ReivRmo Vladimir Stoyanov (Francesco Foscari), Stefan Pop (Jacopo Foscari), Maria Katzarava (Lucrezia Contarini), Giacomo Prestia (Jacopo Loredano),Francesco Marsiglia (Barbarigo), Erica Wenmeng Gu (Pisana), Vasyl Solodkyy (Fante), Gianni De Angelis (Un servo), Chorus: Coro del Teatro Regio di Parma Orchestra: Filarmonica Arturo Toscanni/Orchestra Giovanile della Via Emilia Music, Paolo Arrivabeni

7. Giovanna d'Arco 3 acts Temistocle Solera La Scala, Milan 15 Feb 1845. 2:00:12 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5N7SKyAaUHs Evan Bowers (Carlo VII), Renato Bruson (Giacomo), Svetla Vassileva (Giovanna), Luigi Petroni (Delil), Maurizio Lo Piccolo (Talbot), Orchestra and Chorus of Teatro Regio di Parma Bruno Bartoletti, conductor Parma, October 2008

8. Alzira 2 acts Salvatore Cammarano San Carlo, Naples 12 Aug 1845. Concert performance 1:39:35 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPZk4bXqnjY Francesco Facini (Alvaro (Alvaro), Thomas Gazheli (Gusmano). Joshua Lindsay (Ovando), Ferdinand von Bothmer (Zamoro), Yasushi Hirano (Ataliba), Junko Saito (Alzira), Anna Lucia Nardi (Zuma), Joe Tsuchizaki (Otumbo), Dobbiaco Chorus Bolzano-Trento Haydn Orchestra Gustav Kuhn. Dobbiaco, September 2012

9. Attila 3 acts Temistocle Solera, Francesco Maria Piave La Fenice, Venice 17 Mar 1846. Acts 1 and 2 written & Act 3 sketched by Solera. Act 3 completed by Piave. 1:56:49 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=86LmRB0i_Yo Samuel Ramey (Attila), Giorgio Zancanaro (Ezio), Cheryl Studer (Odabella), Kaludi Kaludov (Foresto), Teatro alla Scala, Ricardo Muti 1991 (Ramey's first professional engagement was with Raleigh's National Opera Company.)

10. Macbeth 4 acts Francesco Maria Piave La Pergola, Florence 14 Mar 1847 Audio only Act I 47:10 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyAwdRjKgvY Peter, Glossop (Macbeth), Rita Hunter (Lady Macbeth), John Tomlinson (Banquo), Kenneth Collins (Macduff), Richard Greager (Malcolm), Ludmilla Andrew (Lady-in-Waiting), Christian du Plessis (Doctor), BBC Singers, BBC Concert Orchestra John Matheson; Audio only Act II 28:25 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c_SSFM1xayk ; Audio only Act III 23:22 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cup2wW7p4pE [ Audio only Act IV 33:27 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ux5YMHKVvbg
*10a. Macbeth 4 acts Francesco Maria Piave (Italian) Théâtre Lyrique, Paris 21 Apr 1865. Revised with cuts including Macbeth's final aria. 2:18:39 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MI8V78mPsMA Thomas Hampson (Macbeth), Paoletta Marrocu (Lady Macbeth), Roberto Scandiuzzi (Banquo), Luis Lima (Macduff), Liuba Chicherova (Dama di Lady Macbeth), Miroslav Christoff (Malcolm), Peter Kalman (Medico), Orchestra and Chorus of the Zurich Opera, Franz Welser-Most

11. I masnadieri 4 acts Andrea Maffei Her Majesty's Theatre, London 22 July 1847. 2:00:38 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ez2wXQ3GXu4 Giacomo Prestia (Massimiliano), Aquiles Machado (Carlo), Artur Rucinski (Francesco), Lucrecia Garcia (Amalia), Walter Omaggio (Arminio), Dario Russo (Moser), Massimiliano Chiarolla (Rolla), San Carlo Theatre Ballet School, San Carlo Theater Chorus and Orchestra, Nicola Luisotti. Naples, March 2012

12. Il corsaro 3 acts Francesco Maria Piave Teatro Grande, Trieste 25 Oct 1848. 1:40:20 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LwX79uMOJ_s Bruno Ribeiro (Corrado), Andrea Papi (Giovanni), Irina Lungu (Medora), Silvia Dalla Benetta (Gulnara), Luca Salsi (Seid), Gregory Bonfatti (Selimo), Angelo Villari (Un eunuco/Uno schiavo), Parma Teatro Regio Chorus and Orchestra, Carlo Montanaro. Parma, October 2008.

13. La battaglia di Legnano 4 acts Salvatore Cammarano Teatro Argentina, Rome 27 Jan 1849. 1:52:18 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-8VZ7GfgwY Dimitra Theodossiou (Lida), Leonardo Lòpez Linares (Rolando), Andrew Richards (Arrigo), Enrico Giuseppe Lori (Barbarosa), Orchestra e coro del Teatro Giuseppe Verdi di Trieste, Boris Brott

14. Luisa Miller 3 acts Salvatore Cammarano San Carlo, Naples 8 Dec 1849. Loosely based on Kabale und Liebe by Friedrich Schiller. 2:20:15 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kRSKWI9fHFY Giorgio Surian (Il conte di Walter), Marcelo Álvarez (Rodolfo), Francesca Franci (Federica), Rafal Siwek (Wurm) Leo Nucci (Miller), Fiorenza Cedolins (Luisa), Katarina Nikolic (Laura), Angelo Villari (Un contadino), Parma Teatro Regio Chorus and Orchestra, Donato Renzetti. Parma, October 2007

15. Stiffelio 3 acts Francesco Maria Piave Teatro Grande, Trieste 16 Nov 1850. 1:49:55 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACCBnnFwOj8 Roberto Aronica (Stiffelio), Yu Guanqun (Lina), Roberto Frontali (Stankar), Gabriele Mangione (Raffaele), George Andguladze (Jorg), Cosimo Vassallo (Federico di Frengel), Lorelay Solis (Dorotea), Parma Teatro Regio Chorus and Orchestra, Andrea Battistoni. Parma, April 2012
*15a. Aroldo 4 acts Francesco Maria Piave Teatro Nuovo Comunale, Rimini 16 Aug 1857. Revision of Stiffelio set in Anglo-Saxon Britain; act 3 expanded. 2:00:01 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQXnXOxRC1M Gustavo Porta Mina (Aroldo), Adriana Damato (Mina), Franco Vassallo (Egberto), Enrico Giuseppe Iori (Briano), Valter Borin (Godvino), Miriam Artiaco (Elena), Antonio Feltracco (Enrico), Piacenza Municipal Theater Chorus Toscanini Foundation Symphony Orchestra, Pier Giorgio Morandi. Piacenza, November 2003

16. Rigoletto 3 acts Francesco Maria Piave La Fenice, Venice 11 Mar 1851. Three acts, but even Toscanini counted the finale as No. 4. 1:57:44 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYDI6MWkCW8 Remi Corazza (Borsa), Roland Bracht (Ceprano), Kathleen Kuhlmann (Countess Ceprano), Luciano Pavarotti (Duke of Mantua), Edita Gruberova (Gilda), Fedora Barbieri (Giovanna), Victoria Vergara (Maddalena), Louis Otey (Marullo), Bernd Weikl (Marullo), Ingvar Wizell (Monterone & Rigoletto), Ferruccio Furlanetto (Sparafucile), Vienna State Opera Chorus & Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly. 1982

17. Il trovatore 4 acts Salvatore Cammarano, Leone Emanuele Bardare Teatro Apollo, Rome 19 Jan 1853. Cammarano died before completion; his libretto was restructured by Bardare. 2:22:10 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qZIa2E2RCAI Fiorenza Cossotto (Azucena), Gilda Cruz-Romo (Leonora), Matteo Manuguerra (Conte di Luna), Carlo Cossutta (Manrico), Agostino Ferrin (Ferrando), Giuliana Matteini (Ines), Aronne Ceroni (Ruiz), Giorgio Giorgetti (Un vecchio zingaro), Ottavio Taddei (Un messo), Orchestra and Chorus of Teatro Comunale di Firenze Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Riccardo Muti 18 December 1977.

*17a. Le trouvère 4 acts Salvatore Cammarano, Leone Emanuele Bardare (French) La Monnaie, Brussels 20 May 1856. Revision and translation of Il trovatore, with added ballet. Audio only, in French, rec. 1912 2:02:24 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fTGs5JLJxHY Charles Fontaine (Manrique), Ketty Lapeyrette (Azucena), Jane Morlet (Léonore), Jean Noté (Le Compte de Luna), Robert Marvini (Fernand), Marie Gantéri (Inès), Louis Nansen (Ruiz), Orchestre et Choeur de L'Opéra-Comique de Paris, François Ruhlmann

18. La traviata 3 acts Francesco Maria Piave La Fenice, Venice 6 Mar 1853. 1:58:35 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjPnYm8-QUo Rosanna Carteri (Violetta Valeri), Nicola Filacuridi (Alfredo Germont), Carlo Tagliabue (Giorgio Germont), Loretta di Lelio (Flora Bervoix), Gilda Capozzi (Annina), Gino del Signore (Gastone), Enrico Campi (Baron Douphol), Leonardo Monreale (Marquis d'Obigny), Dario Caselli (Doctor Grenvil), RAI Chorus & Orchestra, Milan, Nino Sanzogno.1954.

19. Les vêpres siciliennes 5 acts Charles Duveyrier, Eugène Scribe (French) Salle Le Peletier, Paris 13 June 1855. Audio only Acts I & II 1:07:34 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNVEA2BYYqM Neilson Taylor (Guy de Montfort, Governor of Sicily), Jaqueline Brumaire (Duchesse Hélène, sister of Duke Frederic), Jean Bonhomme (Henri, a young Sicilian), Ayhan Baran (Jean Procida, a Sicilian doctor), Stafford Dean (Béthune, a French officer), Neil Howlett (Vaudemont, A French officer), Pamela Bowden (Ninetta, Hélène’s maid), BBC Chorus, BBC Concert Orchestra, Mario Rossi, with ballet music conducted by Ashley Lawrence Recorded on 10 May 1969 at the Camden Theatre London before a specially invited audience for the BBC. First broadcast on 15 February 1970.; Audio only Act III 1:01:28 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZDz_Pe6qx4 Audio only Acts IV & V 1:07:01 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blhMYmuSuzM
*19a. Giovanna de Guzman 5 acts Charles Duveyrier, Eugène Scribe, & Ettore Caimi Teatro Regio, Parma 26 Dec 1855, Revision and translation of Les vêpres siciliennes, also known as Batilda di Turenne in an 1858 Naples production; after 1861 most commonly known as I vespri siciliani. 3:30:25 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KrK7rpEELd0 Giorgio Zancanaro (Guido di Monforte), Chris Merrit (Arrigo), Cheryl Studer (Helena), Ferruccio Furlanetto (Procida), Teatro alla Scala, Riccardo Muti. 1989

20. Simon Boccanegra 3 acts Francesco Maria Piave La Fenice, Venice 12 Mar 1857. Audio only 2:12:52 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=35Gp7Bw4W2M Sergei Leiferkus (Simon Boccanegra), Kallen Esperian (Maria Boccanegra), Jaako Ryhanen (Jacopo Fiesco), Placido Domingo (Gabriele Adorno), Peter Sidhom (Paolo Albiani), Jeremy White (Pietro), Anna Cooper (Amelia's servant), Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Mark Elder, 7 July 1997
*20a. Simon Boccanegra 3 acts Francesco Maria Piave, Arrigo Boito Teatro alla Scala, Milan 24 Mar 1881. Revised version, with text changed and added by Boito. Act 1 Council Chamber finale added in this version. 2:30:07 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nSsdPgOldw George Petean (Simon Boccanegra), Maria Agresta (Maria Boccanegra/Amelia), Dmitry Beloselskiy (Jacopo Fiesco), Francesco Meli (Gabriele Adorno), Quinn Kelsey (Paolo Albiani), Riccardo Zanellato (Pietro), Saverio Fiore (Un Capitano dei balestrieri), Simge Büyükedes (Un; Ancelli di Amelia), Orchestra e coro del Teatro dellopera, Riccardo Muti

21. Gustavo III [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustavo_III_(Verdi)] (unperformed) Antonio Somma 1857. The libretto was later revised (or proposed to be revised) several times under two additional names – Una vendetta in dominò and Adelia degli Adimari – during which the setting was changed to vastly different locations. (The censors did not like the idea of assassinating heads of state.) Audio only – a reconstruction: 2:03:00 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IYMHTRvNbvA Carlo Ventre (Count), Vladimir Stoyanov (Anckarstrom, secretary, confidant of Gustav), Elisabete Matos (Amelia, wife of Ankarstrom), Larissa Diadkova (Arvidson - witch), Paola Cigna (Oscar, Gustav's page), Marco Camastra (Conte di Ribbing), Carlo di Cristoforo (Count De Horn), Giancarlo Boldrini (Minister of Justice), Stefano Cosolini , (Servant of Ankastrom), Orchestra e Coro del Teatro di San Carlo, Renato Palumbo. 18 January 2004
*21a. Un ballo in maschera 3 acts Antonio Somma Teatro Apollo, Rome 17 Feb 1859. Revision of the unperformed Gustavo III. 2:16:48 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZwxVrLOhGX0 Massimiliano Pisapia (Riccardo), Franco Vassallo (Renato), Chiara Taigi (Amelia), Annamaria Chiuri (Ulrica), Eun Yee You (Oscar), Gewandhausorchester & Leipzig Choir of the Leipzig Opera, Riccardo Chailly

22. La forza del destino 4 acts Francesco Maria Piave Bolshoi, Saint Petersburg 10 Nov 1862. 2:45:25 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1gtkXtQSP6A Askar Abdrazakov (Il marchese di Calatrava), Galina Gorchakova (Donna Leonora), Nokolai Putilin (Don Carlo di Vargas), Gegam Grigorian (Don Alvaro), Olga Borodina (Preziosilla), Mikhail Kit (Padre Guardino).Georgy Zastavny (Fra Melitone), Lia Shevtzova (Curra), Gennady Bezzubenkov (Un alcade), Kirov Opera, Valery Gergiev. 1997
*22a. La forza del destino 4 acts Francesco Maria Piave, Antonio Ghislanzoni La Scala, Milan 27 Feb 1869. Revised version, with text added by Ghislanzoni. 2:43:24 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=drbHCt0lwzo Alessandro Guerzoni (Il marchese di Calatrava), Eva-Maria Westbroek (Donna Leonora di Vargas), Vassily Gerello (Vassily Gerello), Zoran Todorovich (Don Alvaro), Marianne Cornetti (Preziosilla), Carlo Colombara (Padre Guardiano), José van Dam (Fra Melitone), La Monnaie, Ono Kazushi. June 8 2008

23. Don Carlos 5 acts Joseph Méry, Camille du Locle (French) Salle Le Peletier, Paris 11 Mar 1867. Act I 33:30 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHtAHkj4ZKA Joseph Rouleau (Philip II), André Turp (Don Carlos), Robert Savoie (Rodrigue), Edith Tremblay (Élisabeth de Valois), Michelle Vilma (Princess Eboli), Richard Van Allan (The Grand Inquisitor), BBC Concert Orchestra, John Matheson; Act II 59:32 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kx8rYD_aY8 ; Act III 54:04 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCq202rJ2nc ; Act IV 1:01:32 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRW84kKLLhg ; Act V 23:26 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mKYDptv_QX8
*23a. Don Carlo 5 acts Joseph Méry, Camille du Locle, & Achille de Lauzières (Italian) Royal Italian Opera House, London 4 Jun 1867. Translation of Don Carlos, first performed with unauthorized amendments and cuts. The first Italian version was given in Italy at the Teatro Comunale, Bologna in October 1867. Revised again by Verdi, it was given five years later in Naples, in November/December 1872. There does not seem to have been a recording of the first Italian version. See below.
*23b. Don Carlo 5 acts Joseph Méry, Camille du Locle, Achille de Lauzières, & Antonio Ghislanzoni 5 acts San Carlo, Naples Nov/Dec 1872. Revised version, with text added by Ghislanzoni. 3:25:11 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MjlX9Ko3F9w Ileana Cotrubas (Elizabetta di Valois); Patricia Parker (Tebaldo), Romayne Grigorova (Countess of Aremburg), Luis Lima (Don Carlo), John Dobson (Count Lerma), Matthem Best (A Monk), Giorgio Zancanaro (Rodrigo), Robert Lloyd (Philip II_, Bruna Baglioni (Princess Eboli_, Alan Jones (A Royal Herald), Lola Biagioni (A Voice from Heaven), Joseph Rouleau (Grand Inquisitor), Royal Opera Chorus and the Orchestra, Bernard Haitink
*23c. Don Carlo 4 acts Joseph Méry, Camille du Locle, Charles-Louis-Étienne Nuitter, Achille de Lauzières, & Angelo Zanardini La Scala, Milan 10 Jan 1884. Second revised version, omitting Act 1 and the ballet. Initial revisions in French (from Don Carlos) by du Locle and Nuittier (working with Verdi). First performed in an Italian translation by Zanardini (incorporating previous work of de Lauzières). 3:09:33 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cXa45Xx_H9Q Montserrat Caballe (Elisabetta di Valois), Giacomo Aragall (Don Carlo), Grace Bumbry (La Principessa d'Eboli), Renato Bruson (Rodrigo), Simon Estes (Philip II), Ewa Godlewska (Voice), Orchestre National de France, Thomas Fulton. Orange, 1984 - English subtitles
*23d. Don Carlo 5 acts Joseph Méry, Camille du Locle, Charles-Louis-Étienne Nuitter, Achille de Lauzières, & Angelo Zanardini Teatro Municipale, Modena 29 Dec 1886. Third revised version, restoring Act 1. 4:10:00 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yedJfaT2Gec Ildar Abdrazakov (Philippe II), Jonas Kaufmann (Don Carlos), Ludovic Tézier (Rodrigue), Dmitry Belossekskiy (Le grand inquisiteur), Sonya Yoncheva (Élisabeth de Valois), Elina Garanca (La princesse Eboli), Eve-Maud Hubeaux (Thibault), Choeurs de l'Opéra National de Paris & Orchestre de l'Opéra National de Paris. Philippe Jordan. 16 octobre 2017

24. Aida 4 acts Antonio Ghislanzoni Khedivia, Cairo 24 Dec 1871. 2;29:43 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9nj9gh6oWJE Aprile Millo (Aida), Stefania Toczyska (Amneris), Giuseppe Giacomini (Radamès), Silvano Carroli (Amonasro), Carlo Colombara Il (Ramfis), Giancarlo Boldrini (Re di Egitto). Orchestra and Chorus of Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Andrea Licata. Performed at the Baths of Caracalla (Italian: Terme di Caracalla) August 1992.
See also the famous 1949 TV concert version led by Toscanini: 2:25:19 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xA7CauntNqM Herva Nelli (Aida) Richard Tucker (Radamès), Eva Gustavson (Amneris), Giuseppe Valdengo (Amonasro), Dennis Harbour (Il Re di Egitto), Norman Scott (Ramphis), Teresa Stich-Randall (Grande Sacerdotessa), Virginio Assandri (Il messaggero), NBC Symphony Orchestra, Arturo Toscanini

25. Otello 4 acts Arrigo Boito La Scala, Milan 5 Feb 1887. Audio only 2:05:18 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gL49AbvSDrA Ramon Vinay (Otello), Herva Nelli (Desdemona), Giuseppe Valdengo (Iago), Virginio Assandri (Cassio), Leslie Chabay (Rodrigo), Nicola Moscona (Lodovico), Arthur Newman (Montano), Nan Merriman (Emilia), NBC Chorus & NBC Symphony Orchestra, Arturo Toscanini (1947; he played cello in the premiere)

26. Falstaff 3 acts Arrigo Boito La Scala, Milan 9 Feb 1893. 2:53:00 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjsllm1Hsu4 Luca Salsi (Sir John Falstaff), Vladimir Stoyanov (Ford), Marco Ciaponi (Fenton), Luca Casalin (Dottor Cajus), Marcello Nardis (Bardolfo), Graziano Dallavalle (Pistola), Serena Gamberoni (Mrs. Alice Ford), Giuliana Gianfaldoni (Nannetta), Rossana Rinaldi (Mrs. Quickly), Florentina Soare (Mrs. Meg Page), Coro del Teatro Municipale di Piacenza e Orchestra dell'Emilia-Romagna Arturo Toscanini, Jordi Bernàcer


*Revision of earlier opera, including translations with material musical changes.

Discussed but not composed: Re Lear (King Lear), 1856. Librettist Antonio Somma worked with Verdi on completing a libretto for an opera based on Shakespeare's King Lear. This libretto was based on an incomplete one begun by Salvatore Cammarano before he died in 1852. It was never set to music.